Beruriah, the wife of the famed Rabbi Meir and daughter of Rabbi Chananiah ben Tradyon, one particular of the 10 Torah students martyred by the Romans for disseminating Torah among the Jewish men and women was a girl of incredible understanding, knowledge and piety. She has the difference of being one of the handful of females mentioned in the Babylonian Talmud and the only one particular of these ladies who is considered to be a Tanna (Torah sage) in her personal right.
Beruriah lived for the duration of the 1st and 2nd hundreds of years of the Typical Period, right about the time when the Mishna, or corpus of Rabbinic legislation was becoming codified by Rabbi Judah the Prince. The Mishna consists of 6 orders or sederim and the commentary to the Mishna is acknowledged as the Gemara. The Mishna and Gemara together comprise the Talmud. There are in fact two Talmudim-the Talmud Bavli or Babylonian Talmud, which is the a lot more authoritative and the Talmud Yerushalmi or Jerusalem Talmud.
Beruriah was exclusive for women of her time in that she not only analyzed with the rabbis but taught them as well. The Babylonian Talmud, in Tractate Pesachim 62b records that she analyzed three hundred Halakhot or Jewish laws from three hundred masters in a one day. Her learning was so revered that her male colleagues would often ask her views on Jewish lawful issues, particularly these which pertained directly to females, amid them ritual purity. In the Tosefta, a corpus of rabbinic legislation that is structurally equivalent to the Mishna, Beruriah is recorded as getting challenged her father on an problem about ritual purity and Rabbi Judah rules that Beruriah is without a doubt appropriate. In this same source, Rabbi Joshua states that Beruriah is appropriate when she intervenes in a dialogue in between the Tanna Rabbi Tarfon and some other sages.
Beruriah was also recognized for not being afraid to speak her brain. In Tractate Eruvin of the Babylonian Talmud (Eruvin 53b), she chastises Rabbi Yosi for not abiding by the Talmudic injunction not to converse with females unnecessarily when he asks her which way to the city of Lod, when he could have basically asked her, “where’s Lod?”
There are several stories in rabbinic and other Jewish literature pertaining to Beruriah’s character. Jewish custom portrays her not only as currently being really forthright but also as a person who could be incredibly tender and mild. A quite well-known tale poignantly demonstrates this. In Midrash Mishlei, the assortment of Midrash on the Book of Proverbs (Sefer Mishlei in Hebrew), Beruriah arrives property one Shabbat afternoon and finds, to her horror, that her two sons have passed away. She covers them gingerly with a blanket and awaits the arrival of her spouse Meir from the Beit Midrash or property of research in time to make Havdalah, the ritual to mark the finish of Shabbat. Instead than telling him out rightly of his sons’ deaths, Beruriah engages in a lengthy dialogue so that she can broach the awful information as gently as she can. When Meir asks soon after his sons, she tells him that they went out and begins to get ready the Saturday evening food as effectively as to make Havdalah.
Following Havdalah and following Rabbi Meir had concluded consuming his food, Beruriah asks him a very cryptic question relating to no matter whether a single need to return an merchandise which was left in one’s care for a significant period when the original operator of the merchandise returns to retrieve it. The way in which Beruriah phrased this issue is extremely significantly like a single would when discussing halakhic issues and the merchandise in issue is, of system, their two sons. Rabbi Meir is astonished at the question and asks Beruriah why she would concern the owner’s appropriate to his property whereupon Beruriah escorts Rabbi Meir into the room exactly where their sons lay. On viewing that his sons experienced died, Rabbi Meir weeps and Beruriah reminds him that the authentic proprietor, I.E. G-d, has come to assert them. In www.rabbifischeltodd.com/chanukah-2020-rabbi-fishel-todd/ , Rabbi Meir rates Proverbs 31:10, “A female of valor, who can find”.
However, this was not the only tragic episode in Beruriah’s existence. Her mother and brother were martyred together with her father by the Romans on account of training Torah and her sister was marketed into prostitution. In the latter situation, Beruriah convinces Rabbi Meir to rescue her sister and having effectively accomplished so, he and Beruriah are compelled to flee to Babylonia, current-day Iraq to distance them selves from the Romans who ordered Beruriah’s sister’s fate.
The power of Beruriah’s character is also shown in a story relating to some neighbors who irritated Rabbi Meir to no end. Rabbi Meir in his aggravation prayed for their destruction, but Beruriah instructed him to pray for their repentance alternatively, using her interpretation of a verse from Psalms (104:35) to bolster her argument.
Despite her incredible wisdom and erudition, a legend about her dying which was first penned by the 11th century sage Rashi (Rabbi Shlomo ben Yitzchak), considered to be the finest Jewish Biblical and rabbinic commentator has cast a shadow in excess of Beruriah and has put her in a damaging gentle. In his commentary to Tractate Avodah Zarah 18b of the Babylonian Talmud, a tractate which concerns by itself mostly with the religious and other customs of the non-Jews residing in close proximity to Israel, Beruriah mocks a Talmudic assertion that girls are lightheaded and to demonstrate her wrong, Rabbi Meir sends a single of his students exclusively to seduce her. The scholar succeeds, proving the stage that all ladies are capable to be swayed, regardless of the knowledge and information they have attained. Completely ashamed, Beruriah commits suicide by strangling herself.
Rashi’s rationalization of Beruriah’s loss of life did not sit effectively with every person. Rabenu Nissim ben Yakov of Kairouan explains that soon after Rabbi Meir’s heroic rescue of her sister, she experienced to flee to Babylonia so that the Romans wouldn’t discover her.
In spite of the mixed notion of her in rabbinic literature, Beruriah’s tale and legacy are significantly admired by ladies of all Jewish backgrounds and affiliations. She gives an superb illustration of a extremely realized scholarly girl which presents help to women who desire to have interaction in critical Torah learning which was, until just lately, not very easily available to them. In the Orthodox group, there are an rising variety of seminaries and other academic establishments which let females to do superior Jewish studying. Despite becoming a girl at a time when women’s Torah examine was the exception and not the rule, Beruriah shows us that she is ready to hold her personal and is even considered some thing of a halakhic or Jewish authorized authority. Beruriah’s design of profound inner energy and knowledge in the face of unspeakable tragedy is also anything which we can all emulate.