When we consider of mushrooms and the southern Mexico point out of Oaxaca, the 1st thing which usually arrives to brain is María Sabina, Huautla de Jiménez and hallucinogenic “magic” mushrooms. But slowly and gradually that’s all changing as a outcome of the groundbreaking operate of Josefina Jiménez and Johann Mathieu in mycology, via their business, Mico-lógica.
Based in the village of Benito Juárez, found in Oaxaca’s Ixtlán district (far more generally known as the Sierra Norte, the state’s main ecotourism area), Mico-lógica’s mission is threefold: to practice both Mexicans and visitors to the nation in the reduced-value cultivation of a variety of mushroom species to teach about the medicinal, dietary and environmental (sustainable) value of mushrooms and to carry out ongoing study with regards to ideal climatic regions and the variety of substrata for mushroom tradition.
psychedelic -born Mathieu moved to Mexico, and in reality to Huautla de Jiménez, in 2005. “Indeed, coming all the way to Mexico from France to pursue my curiosity in mushrooms seems like a extended way to travel,” Mathieu discussed in a recent job interview in Oaxaca. “But there genuinely wasn’t much of an opportunity to carry out scientific studies and develop a enterprise in Western Europe,” he continues, “given that reverence for mushrooms had been all but fully eradicated by The Church more than the training course of hundreds of years and I uncovered that Mexico even now maintains a respect and appreciation for the medicinal and nutritional price of hongos. Mexico is significantly from mycophobic.”
Huautla de Jiménez is a lot more than a 5 hour push from the closest metropolitan heart. Accordingly, Mathieu eventually realized that keeping in Huautla, even though keeping an historic attract and becoming in a geographic region conducive to doing work with mushrooms, would hinder his efforts to expand a business and cultivate widespread desire in studying about fungi. Mathieu became cognizant of the burgeoning status of Oaxaca’s ecotourism communities of the Sierra Norte, and certainly the Feria Regional de Hongos Silvestres (regional wild mushroom festival), held yearly in Cuahimoloyas.
Mathieu met Josefina Jiménez at the summertime weekend mushroom celebration. Jiménez experienced moved to Oaxaca from hometown Mexico Metropolis in 2002. The two shared similar passions Jiménez had studied agronomy, and for shut to a ten years had been operating with sustainable agriculture assignments in rural farming communities in the Huasteca Potosina region of San Luis Potosí, the mountains of Guerrero and the coastline of Chiapas. Mathieu and Jiménez became company, and then existence companions in Benito Juárez.
Mathieu and Jiménez are concentrating on 3 mushroom species in their hands-on seminars oyster (seta), shitake and reishi. Their a single-day workshops are for oyster mushrooms, and two-working day clinics for the latter two species of fungus. “With reishi, and to a lesser extent shitake, we are also teaching a reasonable bit about the medicinal utilizes of mushrooms, so a lot more time is necessary,” suggests Mathieu, “and with oyster mushrooms it really is predominantly [but not completely] a training course on cultivation.”
While coaching seminars are now only given in Benito Juárez, Mathieu and Jiménez strategy to grow functions to consist of equally the central valleys and coastal regions of Oaxaca. The object is to have a community of producers growing diverse mushrooms which are optimally suited for cultivation based mostly on the particular microclimate. There are about 70 sub-species of oyster mushrooms, and thus as a species, the adaptability of the oyster mushroom to different climatic areas is impressive. “The oyster can be developed in a multitude of various substrata, and that’s what we are experimenting with correct now,” he elucidates. The oyster mushroom can prosper when grown on products which would normally be squander, these kinds of as discard from cultivating beans, sugar cane, agave (which includes the fibrous squander developed in mezcal distillation), peas, the typical river reed recognized as carriso, sawdust, and the list goes on. Agricultural waste which might otherwise be still left to rot or be burned, each with adverse environmental implications, can kind substrata for mushroom cultivation. It need to be observed, although trite, that mushroom cultivation is a hugely sustainable, inexperienced business. Over the previous many many years Mexico has in reality been at the fore in many areas of sustainable sector.
Mathieu exemplifies how mushrooms can provide an arguably even greater environmental good:
“They can hold up to thirty thousand moments their mass, possessing implications for inhibiting erosion. They’ve been utilised to clean up oil spills by means of absorption and thus are an crucial motor vehicle for habitat restoration. Investigation has been accomplished with mushrooms in the fight from carpenter ant destruction it really is been recommended that the use of fungi has the possible to fully revamp the pesticide market in an environmentally welcoming way. There are practically hundreds of other eco-pleasant apps for mushroom use, and in every case the mushroom remains an edible by-solution. Take a look at the Paul Stamets YouTube lecture, six Methods Mushrooms Can Save The Globe.”
Mathieu and Jiménez can typically be discovered selling their goods on weekends in the natural marketplaces in Oaxaca. They are equally much more than satisfied to discuss the dietary value of their products which range from in a natural way their clean mushrooms, but also as preserves, marinated with both chipotle and nopal or jalapeño and cauliflower. The mushroom’s vitamin B12 can not be located in fruits or greens, and accordingly a diet which contains fungi is really essential for vegetarians who can not get B12, most often contained in meats. Mushrooms can very easily be a substitute for meats, with the edge that they are not loaded with antibiotics and hormones usually discovered in industrially processed meat items.
Mico-lógica also sell teas and extracts created from distinct mushroom species, every formulated as possibly a dietary supplement, or for their medicinal houses. Although neither Mathieu nor Jiménez has the pharmacological track record to prescribe mycological treatment for significant conditions, Mathieu’s own research points to the medicinal use of mushrooms courting from pre-historical past, to the existing. He notes houses of mushrooms which can help to restore the immune system, and therefore the use of fungi as a complement in the treatment of cancer and AIDS, and their utility in managing diabetes and dealing with large cholesterol.
“We must all be embracing the natural manufacturing of mushrooms,” Mathieu concludes. “It is so straightforward, it involves a minimum capital investment, and it provides substantial rewards, the two for individuals ingesting hongos for dietary and medicinal causes, and for the producers, even tiny scale. Mico-lógica also sells dried mushrooms. However most of the dried mushrooms sold in Mexico are imported from China, and are not organic. It truly is a true disgrace on numerous ranges.”